Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that leads to tooth demineralization caused by bacteria which adheres to the surface of the teeth.
Bacteria multiplies quickly and turns into an off-whitish biofilm called dental plaque. If this plaque is not removed it can attack the surface of the enamel and give rise to dental caries (tooth decay).
Conservative dentistry is the dentistry speciality which allows us to heal caries in all its stages.
It is what we popularly refer to as fillings.
Silver amalgam fillings
They are made with a mixture of several metals.
Their long-term outcome is very good but their aesthetics is very poor; that is why they have lost popularity in favour of other materials:
They are made of resin, a material which hardens after the application of a halogen light.
Thanks to latest-generation composites, it is possible to reconstruct anterior teeth and fill molars with perfect aesthetics.
Dental onlays and inlays
When the cavity has a very large size, it can be reconstructed with porcelain or zirconium. These are prepared in the laboratory after taking measurements and thus we achieve ideal anatomy and aesthetics.